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Nada Cvetkovic

ncvetkovic@math.fu-berlin.de


Projects as a member

  • CH14

    Understanding cell trajectories with sparse similarity learning

    Prof. Dr. Tim Conrad / Prof. Dr. Gitta Kutyniok / Prof. Dr. Christof Schütte

    Project heads: Prof. Dr. Tim Conrad / Prof. Dr. Gitta Kutyniok / Prof. Dr. Christof Schütte
    Project members: Nada Cvetkovic
    Duration: -
    Status: running
    Located at: Freie Universität Berlin / Technische Universität Berlin / Konrad-Zuse-Zentrum für Informationstechnik Berlin

    Description

    In living organisms, biological cells transition from one state to another. This happens during normal cell development (e.g. aging) or is triggered by events, such as diseases. The time-ordered set of state changes is called a trajectory. Identifying these cell trajectories is a crucial part in bio-medical research to understand changes on a gene and molecular level. It allows to derive biological insights such as disease mechanisms and can lead to new biomedical discoveries and to advances in health-care. With the advent of single cell experiments such as Drop-Seq or inDrop, individual gene expression profiles of thousands of cells can be measured in a single experiment. These large data-sets allow to determine a cell's state based on its gene activity (cell expression profiles, CEPs), which can be expressed as a large feature vector representing its location in some large state space. The main problem with these experiments is that the actual time-information is lost, and needs to be recovered. The state-of-the art solution is to introduce the concept of pseudo-time in which the cells are ordered by CEP similarity. To find robust and biological meaningful trajectories based on CEPs, two main tasks have to be performed: (1) A CEP-based metric has to be learned to define pair-wise distances between CEPs. (2) Given this metric, similar CEP groups and transition paths between those groups should be identified and analysed.

    http://medicalbioinformatics.de/research/projects/ecmath-ch14
  • CH2

    Sparse compressed sensing based classifiers for -omics mass-data

    Prof. Dr. Tim Conrad / Prof. Dr. Gitta Kutyniok / Prof. Dr. Christof Schütte

    Project heads: Prof. Dr. Tim Conrad / Prof. Dr. Gitta Kutyniok / Prof. Dr. Christof Schütte
    Project members: Nada Cvetkovic / Martin Genzel
    Duration: -
    Status: completed
    Located at: Freie Universität Berlin / Technische Universität Berlin

    Description

    Tumor diseases rank among the most frequent causes of death in Western countries coinciding with an incomplete understanding of the underlying pathogenic mechanisms and a lack of individual treatment options. Hence, early diagnosis of the disease and early relapse monitoring are currently the best available options to improve patient survival. In this project, we aim for the identification of disease specific sets of biological signals that reliably indicate a disease outbreak (or status) in an individual. Such biological signals (e.g. proteomics or genomics data) are typically very large (millions of dimensions), which significantly increases the complexity of algorithms for analyzing the parameter space or makes them even infeasible. However, these types of data usually exhibit a very particular structure, and at the same time, the set of disease specific features is very small compared to the ambient dimension. Such a high-dimensional setting naturally calls for the application of the concept of sparse classifiers, which has been extensively studied in the fields of compressed sensing and statistical learning during the last decade. Our research focuses on both algorithmic improvements of available methods as well as theoretical results such as recovery guarantees for general data models.

    http://medicalbioinformatics.de/research/projects/ecmath-ch2

Projects as a guest